Mariana Viollaz

Researcher

Mariana Viollaz is a senior researcher at the Center for Distributive, Labor and Social Studies (CEDLAS) of Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP). She received her B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in Economics from UNLP and has been a postdoctoral fellow at the ILR School of Cornell University (USA). Her research is focused on Labor economics, Development economics, and Gender economics, and has been published by Oxford University Press, by journals such as the Journal of Economic Inequality, Journal of Development Studies, Latin American Economic Review, Development Policy Review, IZA Journal of Labor Policy, International Labour Review, and by institutional working paper series such as the World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, WIDER Working Papers, IZA Discussion Papers, and CEDLAS Working Papers.

  • Labor economics
  • Gender economics
  • Development economics
2014 Ph.D. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Argentina.
2010 M.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Argentina.
2005 B.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Argentina.
2014-present Senior Researcher, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS), Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.
2018-present

 

Associate Researcher, Centro Latam Digital, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económica (CIDE), Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico.
2014-2016 Visiting Fellow, ILR School at Cornell University. ILR Faculty sponsor: Gary S. Fields.
2010-2014 Junior Researcher, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS).
2007-2010 Research Assistant, Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS).

Publications

Software Adoption, Employment Composition, and the Skill Content of Occupations in Chilean Firms, (con Rita K. Almeida y Ana M. Fernandes, Journal of Development Studies, 56(1): 169-185, 2020.

ICT Adoption in Micro and Small Firms: Can Internet Access Improve Labor Productivity?Development Policy Review, 37: 692-715, 2019.

Trade Liberalization and Informality in Argentina: Exploring the Adjustment Mechanisms, (con Guillermo Cruces y Guido Porto), Latin American Economic Review, 27:13, 2018.

Are Labor Inspections Protecting Workers Rights? Adding the Evidence from Sized-based Labor Regulations and Fines in PeruInternational Labour Review, 157(2), 2018.

Enforcement of Labor Market Regulations: Heterogenous Compliance and Adjustment Across GenderIZA Journal of Labor Policy 7:2, 2018.

Poverty, Inequality and Development: A Discussion from the Capability Approach’s Framework, (with Adriana Conconi), in The Age of Perplexity: Rethinking the World We Knew, 416-439, Penguin Random House Grupo Editorial, 2017.

Growth, Employment and Poverty in Latin America, (with Guillermo Cruces, Gary S. Fields, and David Jaume), Oxford University Press, 2017.

Estimating poverty transitions using repeated cross-sections: a three-country validation exercise, (with Guillermo Cruces, Peter Lanjouw, Leonardo Lucchetti, Elizaveta Perova and Renos Vakis), The Journal of Economic Inequality, 13: 161-179, 2015.

From the classroom to the workplace: Three decades of evidence for Latin AmericaCEPAL Review 112, 2014.

Working Papers

Jobs’ Amenability to Working from Home. Evidence from Skills Surveys for 53 countries, con M. Hatayama y H. Winkler

Policy Research Working Paper Series 9241, The World Bank, ISSN 1813-9450, 2017.

CEDLAS Working Paper 263, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2017.

¿Desigualdades en el mundo digital? Brechas de género en el uso de las TIC, con A. Agüero y M. Bustelo, IDB Technical Note 01879, Inter-American Development Bank, 2020.

Does the Internet Reduce Gender Gaps? The Case of Jordan, con H.J. Winkler, Policy Research Working Paper Series 9183, The World Bank, ISSN 1813-9450, 2019.

How Technology Adoption And Trade Are Shaping Indonesian Labor Markets, con F. Darko y A. Mason, Policy Research Working Paper Series 9095, The World Bank, ISSN 1813-9450, 2019.

The Gender Labor Market Gap in the Digital Economy, con M. Bustelo y L. Flabbi, IDB Working Paper Series 01056, Inter-American Development Bank, 2019.

El Futuro del Trabajo en América Latina y el Caribe: ¿Cómo Será el Mercado Laboral para las Mujeres?, con M. Bustelo y A. Suaya. Forth chapter of the series El Futuro del Trabajo en América Latina y el Caribe, Inter-American Development Bank, 2019.

Gender Differences in Time Use: Allocating Time Between the Market and the Household, con E. Rubiano-Matulevich, Policy Research Working Paper Series 8981, The World Bank, ISSN 1813-9450, 2019.

Multiple Violations of Labor Market Regulations: Patterns in the Peruvian Labor Market and the Impact of Enforcement, CEDLAS Working Paper 244, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2019.

Incumplimiento Múltiple de Regulaciones Laborales en el Perú: Patrones e Impacto de las Inspecciones de TrabajoRevista de Trabajo 18 (Formalización Laboral / Igualdad Salarial), Ministerio de Trabajo y Promoción del Empleo, Perú, 2018.

Gang Violence as Organized Violence: Investigating the Implications for the Women, Peace, and Security Index, (with J. Klugman), GIWPS Research Note, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security, 2018.

How Does Poverty Differ Among Refugees? Taking a Gender Lens to the Data on Syrian Refugees in Jordan, (with L. Hanmer, D.J. Arango, E. Rubiano and J. Santamaria), Policy Research Working Paper Series 8616, The World Bank, ISSN 1813-9450, 2018.

Trade Liberalization and Informality in Argentina: Exploring the Adjustment Mechanisms, (with G. Cruces and G. Porto), CEDLAS Working Paper 229, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2018.

ICT Adoption in Micro and Small Firms: Can Internet Access Improve Labor Productivity?

CESifo Working Paper 6839, Munich Society for the Promotion of Economic Research, ISSN 2364-1428.

CEDLAS Working Paper 223, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2018.

Does the Adoption of Complex Software Impact Employment Composition and the Skill Content of Occupations? Evidence from Chilean Firms, (with R.K. Almeida and A.M. Fernandes).

IZA Discussion Paper 11016, IZA Institute of Labor Economics, 2017.

Policy Research Working Paper Series 8110, The World Bank, ISSN 1813-9450, 2017.

CEDLAS Working Paper 214, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2017.

Are Labor Inspections Protecting Workers’ Rights? Adding the Evidence from Size-based Labor Regulation and Fines in PeruCEDLAS Working Paper 205, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2016.

The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s. Cross-country analysis, (with G. Cruces, G. S. Fields and D. Jaume).

CEDLAS Working Paper 200, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2016.

WIDER Working Paper 2015/110, UNU-WIDER, ISSN 1798-7237, 2015.

Enforcement of Labor Market Regulations: Heterogenous Compliance and Adjustment Across GenderCEDLAS Working Paper 199, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2016.

The growth-employment-poverty nexus in Latin America in the 2000s. Country-specific study, (with G. Cruces, G.S. Fields and D. Jaume), WIDER Working Papers, UNU-WIDER, ISSN 1798-7237, 2015.

Note: One working paper for each country. Argentina (2015/069), Bolivia (2015/070), Brazil (2015/071), Chile (2015/072), Colombia (2015/073), Costa Rica (2015/074), Dominican Republic (2015/075), Ecuador (2015/076), El Salvador (2015/077), Honduras (2015/078), Mexico (2015/079), Panama (2015/080), Paraguay (2015/081), Peru (2015/082), Uruguay (2015/083), Venezuela (2015/084)). 

Intra-generational mobility and repeated cross-sections: a three-country validation exercise, (with G. Cruces, P. Lanjouw, L. Lucchetti, E. Perova and R. Vakis), Policy Research Working Paper Series 5916, The World Bank, ISSN 1813-9450, 2011.

Does youth unemployment and informality leave a scar? Evidence from 8 Latin American countries, (with G. Cruces and A. Ham), Anales de la XLVI Reunión Anual de la Asociación Argentina de Economía Política, Mar del Plata, Argentina. ISSN 1852-0022, 2011.

Empleo Informal y Apertura Comercial: Evidencia de 20 años de Reformas en Argentina, CEDLAS Working Paper 107, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2010.

Labor Income Polarization in Greater Buenos Aires, (with J. Alejo and S. Olivieri), CEDLAS Working Paper 089, ISSN 1853-0168, 2009.

Polarización de ingresos laborales: Argentina 1992–2006, CEDLAS Working Paper 070, CEDLAS, ISSN 1853-0168, 2008.

Graduate courses

2009-2013 Teaching Assistant, Labor Economics, M.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2011-2013 Teaching Assistant, Advanced Econometrics, M.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2009 Special Lecture, Impact Evaluation, M.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

Undergraduate courses 

2017 Chief of Teaching Assistants, Econometrics I, B.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2009-2016 Teaching Assistant, Econometrics I, B.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2008-2013 Teaching Assistant, Spatial Economics, Poverty and Income Distribution sessions, B.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2012 Teaching Assistant, Special Lecture Welfare Systems and Incentives in the Labor Market, B.A. in Economics, Universidad de San Andrés.
2007 Teaching Assistant, Public Finances I, B.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2004-2006 Teaching Assistant, Macroeconomics II, B.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2004 Teaching Assistant, Economy Introduction, B.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

Other courses

July 10-14, 2017 Curso de Pensiones y Econometría Aplicada Usando la Bases de Datos de la ELPS de Uruguay. Organized by IADB and CISS. Montevideo (Uruguay).
April 19-21, 2017 Curso de Pensiones y Econometría Aplicada Usando la Bases de Datos de la ELPS de El Salvador. Organized by IADB and CISS. San Salvador (El Salvador).
January 30- February 1, 2017 Curso de Pensiones y Econometría Aplicada Usando las Bases de Datos de las ELPS. Organized by IADB and CISS. Ciudad de Mexico (Mexico).
July-October, 2014 Ex Ante and Ex post Evaluation Lectures. Curso de Gestión y Evaluación de Proyectos. Organized by CAF and lectured in Montevideo (Uruguay), Mendoza (Argentina), Asunción (Paraguay), Lima (Peru), Brasilia (Brazil), La Paz (Bolivia), Quito (Ecuador), Bogotá (Colombia), Medellín (Colombia), Caracas (Venezuela), Panama (Panama) and Guayaquil (Ecuador).
July 15-17, 2013 Teaching Assistant, Curso Breve sobre Mercados Laborales y Distribución del Ingreso en América Latina. Organized by CEDLAS-UNLP, CISEPA-PUCP and IDRC. Lima, Peru.
October 15-19, 2012 Teaching Assistant, Curso Teórico-Práctico sobre Mercados Laborales, Pobreza y Desigualdad en América Latina. Organized by CEDLAS and IDRC. La Plata, Argentina.
June 4-8, 2012 Teaching Assistant, Curso Teórico-Práctico sobre Mercados Laborales, Pobreza y Desigualdad en América Latina. Organized by CEDLAS and IDRC. La Plata, Argentina.
June 6-10, 2011 Teaching Assistant, Curso Teórico-Práctico sobre Mercados Laborales, Pobreza y Desigualdad en América Latina. Organized by CEDLAS and IDRC. La Plata, Argentina.
2015 Distinguished Post-graduated Award, Ph.D. in Economics. Granted by Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2015 9th Economic Research Annual Award “Dr. Raúl Prebisch”, Best Doctoral Thesis Award “Liberalización del comercio e informalidad laboral: Ajustes de corto y de largo plazo”. Granted by Banco Central de la República Argentina.
2012-2014 Doctoral Scolarship – Type II, Granted by the National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina.
2009-2012 Doctoral Scolarship – Type I, Granted by the National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Argentina.
2010 Best Thesis Award, “Empleo Informal y Apertura Comercial: Evidencia de 20 años de Reformas en Argentina”. M.A. in Economics, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
2005 Dr. Joaquín V. González Award, Municipalidad de La Plata.
2005 Manuel Belgrano Award, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

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